Indian Constitution – A Revelation Questions & Answers

Hi Everyone!! This article will share Indian Constitution – A Revelation Questions & Answers.

In my previous post, I have shared Indian Constitution – A Revelation Objective Type Questions & Answers so, make sure to check that post as well.

Indian Constitution – A Revelation Questions & Answers

Question 1: What is a Constitution?

Answer: A Constitution is the most significant document that contains the fundamental law of a nation and provides the framework to form the ideal government for effective and better governance of a nation.

Question 2: What do you understand by the term ‘dissent’?

Answer: Dissent means refusal to conform to a particular authority. It can sometimes bring about a change in society or the political situation of the country.

Question 3: What is fraternity?

Answer: Fraternity means brotherhood or alliance between a group of people.

Question 4: What is the ‘Preamble’?

Answer: The Preamble is an introduction to the basic ideals and objectives of the constitution. It points to the source of authority from which it gets its power.

Question 5: Complete the following statements:

(a) An anti-arrack movement was started by a group of women in Dubagunta village because of the widespread alcoholism in the village.

(b) The Government of India passed the Dowry Prohibition Act in 1961 to prohibit the demanding, giving and taking of dowry.

(c) The term equality in Preamble means that all the citizens will be treated equally and given equal opportunity by the government.

(d) India’s Constitution is sometimes referred as a ‘living document’ because changes can be made in it.

Indian Constitution – A Revelation Questions & Answers

Question 6: Why do we need a Constitution?

Answer: We need a Constitution because:

  • It lays down ideals of the people of the country which tells us the basic nature of the society.
  • The rules and regulations in a Constitution are such that are agreed upon by all individuals.
  • The Constitution also reflects ideals that the citizens of the country believe they should hold. This is reflected in its form of government too.
  • The Constitution lays down rules that prevent people from misusing the power given to them.
  • Taking care of situations and punishing the guilty is also provided for in the Constitution.
  • A dominant group does not ill-treat a smaller group or a less privileged group so, the Constitution makes provisions for that.

Question 7: Explain any three key features of the Indian Constitution.

Answer: The three key features of the Indian Constitution are:

1. Parliamentary Form of Government

The Constitution of India states that India will have a Parliamentary form of Government, that is, the real power to run the government will be given to the members of the cabinet who will be answerable to the legislature. The Constitutional Head of the State will have powers that he/she can use only in special cases. The Constitution also guarantees the right to vote to all Indian citizens irrespective of caste, creed, culture, gender, etc. to elect their representatives to the Legislatures.

2. Separation of Powers

The Indian Constitution divides the government’s power into three different entities, namely Legislature, Executive and Judiciary. The Legislature makes laws, the Executive implements the law and the Judiciary is responsible for punishing people who break the laws and protect those who have been wronged. Separation of powers is essential to prevent misuse of power by the government. Each organ of the government acts as a check on the other.

3. Secularism

Secularism refers to refraining the use or promotion of any religion in political matters. It also means that there is no state religion. In India, there are many religions and the country does not promote any one religion.

Question 8: Write a note on the ‘making of the Indian Constitution’.

Answer: The Constituent Assembly was formed in 1946, to draft the Indian Constitution. It had over 300 members. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, chairman of the drafting committee, is also referred to as the Father of the Indian Constitution. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhai Patel, Maulana Azad, Sarojini Naidu, Vijaylaxmi Pandit were some of the eminent members of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the Indian Constitution. The Constitution drafted maintained diversity of the different people while preserving the national unity. The Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950.

Indian Constitution – A Revelation Questions & Answers

Question 9: The Preamble promises features like justice, liberty, equality and fraternity to all the citizens of the country. Evaluate some features of the Preamble.

Answer: The four features of the Preamble are:

1. Sovereign – The Preamble states that India is a sovereign country; it means that India is free from external control by any other country or authority. India is independent to conduct its own internal and external affairs.

2. Socialist – The term socialist was added to the Preamble in the year 1976 through the 42nd Amendment. Although socialism means public control and equal distribution of all resources, the term socialist in the Preamble aims to reduce the differences between the wealthy and the needy sections of society.

3. Secular – India is a country of people of different religions, cultures, languages, caste, creed, etc. The term secular suggests that India does not endorse any religion as the state religion. It also means that the citizens of the country are not discriminated on the basis of religion. Citizens of the country are free to practice or preach any religion.

4. Democratic – The word democracy means power of the people. The word democratic emphasises that the leaders of the country will be chosen from among the citizens of the country itself. It also states that the citizens of the country choose their own leaders.

5. Republic – The term republic means that the head of the state of India is chosen from amongst its citizens through their elected representatives. It also means that the position of the head of the state is not hereditary as in the case of a monarchy.

6. Justice – As mentioned in the Preamble itself, the Constitution of India would provide social, economic and political justice to all the citizens of the country. It means that all the citizens will be treated and protected equally by the law of the state; irrespective of their gender, caste, creed, colour, religion, etc. The term justice also emphasises the fact that all the citizens of the country are free to participate in the affairs of the state.

7. Liberty – The Indian Constitution gives all the citizens of the country – the freedom to think, express, worship and work in the way that an individual desires.

Question 10: Law and dissent are like are like two sides of the same coin. Explain.

Answer: If people agree to most of the laws made by the government, there will be times when people will not agree to the law made by them. Dissent also means refusal to conform to a particular authority. Dissent can sometimes bring about a change in society or the political situation of the country.

Question 11: What did the makers of the constitution envision in the Constitution?

Answer: The makers of the Constitution envisioned the Constitution to be more than just a legal document. They wanted it to be a guiding principle to conduct the affairs of the country in a fair and just manner. The makers of the Constitution wanted to draft it in a manner so as to make everyone equal in the eyes of law. They wanted to give some special privileges to the down trodden classes who have been exploited by others for their own benefit. The makers of the Constitution wanted to identify the functions of the various institutions and the important political figures of India.

So, these were Indian Constitution – A Revelation Questions & Answers.