Nouns and Its Types

Hi Everyone!! This article will share Nouns and Its Types.

Follow the instructions given below:

  • Keep this thing there.
  • Please call her.
  • Can you tell him to give that?
  • Oh! I forgot that. Please give me yours.

What happened?

You did not do anything I told you. Why?

Are you getting confused between ‘this’ and ‘that’?

When we don’t name anything it is difficult to understand. Isn’t it?

So, naming is important. We cannot complete our sentences without using nouns. No one can form a meaningful sentence without the use of nouns.

In one of my previous posts, I have shared Idioms With Their Meanings. So, make sure to check that post as well.

Nouns And Its Types

Let’s see first what a noun is.

What Is A Noun?

A noun is a naming word. It is a name given to any person, place or thing. They also name quality and emotions. So, all naming words are nouns.

Look at the given picture and answer the following questions:

(a) Who is this person?

Answer: A teacher.

(b) What is her name?

Answer: Miss Riya.

(c) Where is she?

Answer: She is at school.

(d) How many students are there in the class?

Answer: There are seven students.

The words that are in bold are all nouns.

Nouns and Its Types

There are five types of nouns.

  • Common Nouns
  • Proper Nouns
  • Collective Nouns
  • Material Nouns
  • Abstract Nouns

1. Common Noun

  • It is the name given to every person, animal or thing of the same kind.
  • It is used to denote a general category.

For example –

  • Student, doctor, man, boy, girl (persons)
  • Fish, sparrow, peacock, horse (animals)
  • School, park, market, hospital (places)
  • Chair, table, pencil, bed, car (things)

Let’s look at some sentences:

(a) Neha is a beautiful girl.

(b) Mumbai is a big city.

(c) The road to the park is clean and wide.

  • The words that are in bold are all common nouns.
  • Keep in mind that the common nouns are written in capital letters only when they are at the beginning of the sentence.

2. Proper Noun

It is a name of a particular person, place or thing.

For example –

  • People – Dr. Sudhir, Isha
  • Cities/Countries – Mumbai, Canada
  • Rivers/Oceans – Ganga, Indian Ocean
  • Hills/Mountains – Shivalik Hills, Mount. Everest
  • Days of the week/Months – Monday, January
  • Religions – Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam

Let’s look at some sentences:

(a) Delhi is the capital city of India.

(b) Rahul is a fine dancer.

(c) I will leave for Canada on Tuesday.

  • The words that are in bold are all proper nouns.
  • Keep in mind that all proper nouns begin with capital letters.

3. Collective Nouns

These are the words used for a group of people, animals or things.

For example –

  • An army of soldiers
  • A board of directors
  • A team of cricketers

Let’s look at some sentences:

(a) A bunch of keys has been lost.

(b) A flock of sheep is grazing in the field.

(c) I saw a bunch of flowers.

  • The words that are in bold are all collective nouns.
  • They use a singular verb to represent one group and a plural verb when they act as individuals.

4. Material Nouns

  • It denotes the name of a material that exists in nature.
  • It can be felt, touched and seen

For example –

Cotton, land, gold, diamond, salt, plastic, etc.

Let’s look at some sentences:

(a) My mother has kitchen utensils made of steel.

(b) Cotton clothes are good to wear for summers.

(c) My husband gave me a diamond ring on my birthday.

  • The words that are in bold are all material nouns.

5. Abstract Nouns

These are the names for the feelings, ideas and qualities that cannot be seen or touched.

For example –

Goodness, bravery, honesty, kindness, wisdom, pain, humility, laughter, etc.

Let’s look at some sentences:

(a) The man showed bravery during the war.

(b) We respect honesty.

(c) Mrs. Verma treats all the employees with respect.

  • The words that are in bold are all abstract nouns.
  • Abstract nouns are uncountable and do not have a plural form.
  • They can be formed from nouns, adjectives and verbs.

So, this was all about Nouns And Its Types.