Directive Principles of State Policy Questions & Answers

Hi Everyone!! This article will share Directive Principles of State Policy Questions & Answers.

In my previous posts, I have shared the Questions & Answers of Indian Constitution – A Revelation and Fundamental Rights and Duties so, you can check these posts as well. I have also shared Directive Principles of State Policy Objective Type Questions & Answers so, make sure to check this post also.

Directive Principles of State Policy Questions & Answers

Question 1: What are Directive Principles of State Policy?

Answer: Directive principles of State policy are guidelines for the Central and the State Governments. The government is expected to keep the principles in mind while preparing laws.

Question 2: How do we categorise the Directive Principles?

Answer: The Directive Principles can be categorized into following types:

  • Socio-economic Principles
  • Principles promoting international peace and security
  • Gandhian Principles
  • Other Principles

Question 3: What do you know about the Equal Remuneration Act?

Answer: The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 grants equal wages to men and women for equal work.

Question 4: What is the importance of Directive Principles of State Policy?

Answer:

  • Directive Principles of State Policy not only act as guidelines for the government, they are a yardstick for it too.
  • In a democratic country like India, people can judge the effectiveness of the government by comparing the policies and the laws made by them to the Directive Principles laid down in the Constitution.
  • People can pressurize the government to follow the Directive Principles.
  • They may not re-elect the government to power if the government fails to do the needful.
  • Thus, the Directive Principles enlighten the citizens about the duties of the government and what they can expect from them.

Directive Principles of State Policy Questions & Answers

Question 5: What do Directive Principles of State Policy aim to achieve?

Answer:

  • The Directive Principles of State Policy aim at attaining social, economic and political justice for all the citizens so that all of them live in a happy and peaceful environment.
  • They aim to provide equal opportunities to all citizens to reduce inequality in income, social status and raise the standard of living.
  • The Directive Principles also aim to uphold international peace and security.

Question 6: Explain the principles of the Indian Constitution promoting international peace and security?

Answer:

  • The makers of the Indian Constitution aimed to foster better relations with foreign countries. The principles that influence our foreign policy are as follows:
  • The State shall promote international peace and security.
  • The State shall attempt to maintain honourable relations with other countries.
  • The State shall respect international law and honour treaty obligations with other countries.
  • The State shall encourage settlement of international peace.

Question 7: How does the State apply Gandhian philosophy to the Directive Principles of State policy?

Answer:

  • The State applies Gandhian philosophy to the Directive principles of State policy in the following ways.
  • The State shall take steps to organize village Panchayats and give them enough power to manage their own affairs and function as units of self-government.
  • The State shall try and promote the growth of cottage industries in rural areas.
  • The State shall protect the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of society, especially, the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
  • The State shall take steps to prohibit the use of intoxicating drinks and drugs that are detrimental to one’s health.
  • The State shall attempt to organize agriculture and animal husbandry on scientific lines; improve the breed and prohibit the slaughter of cattle.

Directive Principles of State Policy Questions & Answers

Question 8: Write a note on implementation of Directive Principles of State policy.

Answer: India has made considerable progress in implementing some of the principles of the Directive Principles:

  • Right to Education Act, 2009 ensures free and compulsory education to children between 6-14 years of age.
  • Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes have been granted reservations in schools, colleges, the Parliament and the State Legislature as well.
  • The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 grants equal wages to men and women for equal work. The Minimum Wages Act ensures a just amount of wage to the workers.
  • The Judiciary has been separated from the Executive.
  • Village Panchayats have been set up and the Panchayati Raj system has been formalized by the Indian Constitution.
  • Cottage industries have been established in the rural areas.
  • Many welfare schemes such as Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram and Navjaat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram have been launched for the benefit of women and children.

Question 9: Differentiate between Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Rights.

Answer:

Directive Principles of State PolicyFundamental Rights
i. Directive Principles are guidelines that help the state to formulate laws and policies about different topics.i. Fundamental Rights are rights granted to the citizens by the Constitution
ii. The State is not compelled to follow the Directive Principles.ii. The Fundamental Rights are guaranteed by the State. It is bound to protect the rights of the people.
iii. Directive Principles are non- justiciable, that is, they cannot be enforced in a court of lawiii. Fundamental Rights are justiciable, that is, they can be contested in court
iv. Directive Principles refer to the principles that concern the individual, state, other countries and the environment.iv. Fundamental Rights refer to the rights of an individual

Question 10: Mention three Directive Principles that aim to promote socio-economic equality.

Answer: The three Directive Principles that aim to promote socio-economic equality are:

  • The State shall provide adequate means of livelihood for both men and women; it should provide equal pay for equal work for men and women.
  • The State shall make provisions for securing the right to work, to education and to seek public assistance in cases of sickness, old age and unemployment.
  • The State shall distribute wealth in a way that it does not concentrate in the hands of a few.

So, these were Directive Principles of State Policy Questions & Answers.