Objective Type Questions Of Components Of Food

Hi Everyone!! This article will share some Objective Type Questions Of Components Of Food.

The food that we eat has a variety of ingredients that give us energy. The major components of food are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins and minerals. In addition, our body also requires water and fibre. In my previous post, I have shared the Objective Type Questions Of Sources Of Food and some Important Questions as well so, make sure to check these posts as well. Below are mentioned some objective type questions of components of food that include fill-ups, true & false, match the columns, assertion and reasoning, etc.

Objective Type Questions Of Components Of Food

Question 1: Fill in the blanks:

(a) Carbohydrates form a major portion of our body and provide energy.
(b) Proteins help the body in growth and repair of worn out parts.
(c) Calcium and phosphorus makes bones and teeth strong.
(d) Vitamins are essential for growth, to keep the body healthy and to fight disease.
(e) Iodine is needed for proper growth of the body and is found in iodised salt.
(f) Potassium helps to keep muscles, brain and nerves healthy and maintains amount of water in the body.
(g) Iron is needed by the body to make RBC.
(h) Dietary fibres are also known as roughage.
(i) Night blindness is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin A.
(j) Deficiency of iron lowers the concentration of haemoglobin in the blood.
(k) Milk contains lactose, a kind of sugar.
(l) Dietary fibres or roughage helps our body in smooth bowel movements.
(m) Vitamin B complex is needed for the production of red blood cells in our body.
(n) Kwashiorkar disease can be treated with protein rich diet.
(o) Soyabean is the richest source of proteins obtained from plants.

Question 2: Choose the correct option.

(a) Which nutrients are needed in smaller quantities as compared to the other nutrients?

(i) carbohydrates
(ii) fats
(iii) proteins
(iv) vitamins

(b) Sucrose, fructose and lactose are examples of

(i) fats
(ii) sugars
(iii) minerals
(iv) proteins

(c) Dietary fibres are obtained mainly from

(i) meat and eggs
(ii) vegetables and fruits
(iii) fish and prawns
(iv) milk and bread

(d) Which vitamin deficiency leads to swollen and bleeding gums.

(i) Vitamin A
(ii) Vitamin C
(iii) Vitamin D
(iv) Vitamin E

(e) Iodine is required for……………..

(i) health of teeth and bones
(ii) the production of red blood cells
(iii) the proper growth of the body
(iv) the production of haemoglobin

(f) Which of the following keeps the brain and nerves healthy?

(i) iron
(ii) potassium
(iii) calcium
(iv) iodine

(g) Goitre is caused due to the deficiency of…………………..

(i) iron
(ii) potassium
(iii) iodine
(iv) phosphorus

Objective Type Questions Of Components Of Food

Question 3: Write whether the following statements are true or false.

(a) Fats are called as the body building foods – False
(b) Dietary fibres are also known as roughage – True
(c) If a food sample is tested for the presence of proteins in it, the solution will turn brown on adding copper sulphate and sodium hydroxide solution – False
(d) Soyabean is the richest source of proteins obtained from plants – True
(e) Fruits are a good source of vitamins and minerals – True
(f) Vitamin D is also known as sunshine vitamin –True

Question 4: Match the columns:

Column AColumn B
i. Ricketsa. Vitamin A
ii. Night blindnessb. Iodine
iii. Goitrec. Vitamin D
iv. Scurvyd. Iron
v. Anaemiae. Vitamin C
Answer: i-c, ii-a, iii-b, iv-e, v-d

Question 5: Assertion-Reason type questions:

In following questions, the Assertion and Reason have been put forward. Read the statements carefully and choose the correct alternative from the following:
(A) Both Assertion and Reason are true and the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.
(B) Both Assertion and Reason are true but Reason is not a correct explanation of the Assertion.
(C) Assertion is true but the Reason is false.
(D) Both Assertion and Reason are false.

(i) Assertion: Goitre is caused due to deficiency of iron.
Reason: Iron is essential for the formation of thyroxine hormone.

Answer: (D)

(ii) Assertion: Scurvy is caused due to the deficiency of vitamin C.
Reason: The disease sets in when the diet does not include fresh vegetables and fruits for a long time.

Answer: (A)

So, these were some Objective Type Questions Of Components Of Food.

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