Hi Everyone!! This article will share Glimpses of The Past Questions & Answers.
In my previous posts, I have shared the questions and answers of Macavity The Mystery Cat, The Tsunami and Geography Lesson so, you can check these posts as well.
Glimpses of The Past Questions & Answers
Question 1: Look at picture 1 and recall the opening lines of the original song in Hindi. Who is the singer? Who else do you see in this picture?
Answer: The opening lines of the original Hindi song are – ‘aye mere watan ke logon …..’ This beautiful song is sung by Lata Mageshkar.
In the picture, we see – Lal Bahadur Shastri, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai, Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose and Bahadur Shah Zafar.
Question 2: In picture 2 what do you understand by the Company’s “superior weapons”?
Answer: East India Company was superior technologically compared to Indian princes. Company’s ‘superior weapons’ refers to their access to better quality of weapons in terms of arms and ammunitions such as guns and cannons, better strategy planning and diplomacy to rule the states.
Question 3: Who is an artisan? Why do you think the artisans suffered? (Picture 3)
Answer: An artisan is a craftsman skilled in creating decorative or functional item by hand. The artisans suffered as the British levied high taxes on them due to which they suffered financial loss and also the British were importing machine made goods from England thereby ruining the market of hand-made products of Indian artisans.
Question 4. Which picture, according to you, reveals the first sparks of the fire of revolt?
Answer: Picture 7 – ‘The Sparks (1855-57)’ reveals the first sparks of the fire of revolt.
Question 5: Do you think the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1757?
Answer: Yes, the Indian princes were short-sighted in their approach to the events of 1757 as they failed to see and understand the motive of the British rulers. The British gained the confidence of princes by helping them win small battles and making them fight among themselves. By doing so the British slowly became virtual rulers and captured the whole country.
Question 6: How did the East India Company subdue the Indian princes?
Answer: The East India company spread their expanse in India to promote their trade. They spread their business by importing machine made goods from England and selling them extensively in Indian market. They supported one Indian Prince to finish the other. The ordinary people lost peace due to these constant fights. These rivalries indirectly helped the East India Company subdue the Indian princes one at a time and slowly gain complete control over the masses.
Question 7: Quote the words used by Ram Mohan Roy to say that every religion teaches the same principles.
Answer: Ram Mohan Roy quoted to his wife Uma that “Cows are of different colours, but the colour of their milk is the same. Different teachers have different opinions but the essence of every religion is the same.”
Question 8: In what ways did the British officers exploit Indians?
Answer: The British imposed heavy taxes on peasants, forcing the Indian farmers to abandon their fields. They reduced import duty for goods manufactured in England, which crippled the Indian industries. In 1818, they passed Regulation III, under which it, an Indian could be jailed without trial in a court. All the time British officers in India drew big salaries and also made fortunes in private business. By 1829, Britain was exporting British goods worth seven crore rupees to India. The British prospered on the Company’s loot, while the Indian industries began to die.
Question 9: Name these people.
i. The ruler who fought pitched battles against the British and died fighting.
Answer: Tipu Sultan of Mysore.
ii. The person who wanted to reform the society.
Answer: Raja Ram Mohan Roy of Bengal.
iii. The person who recommended the introduction of English education in India.
Answer: Macaulay, an Englishman.
iv. Two popular leaders who led the revolt (Choices may vary.)
Answer: Maulvi Ahmedulla of Faizabad and Peshwa Nana Saheb.
Question 10: Mention the following.
i. Two examples of social practices prevailing then.
Answer: Untouchability and child marriage.
ii. Two oppressive policies of the British.
- The British did not impose any import duty on good manufactured in England, which crippled the Indian market.
- In 1818, they passed Regulation III. Under it, an Indian could be jailed without trial in a court.
iii. Two ways in which common people suffered.
Answer: Heavy taxes forced the farmers to abandon their fields and the British policies ruined the expert artisans and their business.
iv. Four reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 War of Independence.
Answer: The reasons for the discontent that led to the 1857 War of Independence are:
- In Bengal, the Santhals lost their lands under new British land rules and they became desperate and rose in rebellion and massacred Europeans in 1855.
- The Indian sepoys of the British army were discontent and angry as the white soldiers were getting huge pay, mansions to live in along with servants.
- The Brahmin soldiers were furious when they came to know that the grease on the bullet that they were biting was made from the fat of cows and pigs.
- Many landlords were sore because they had lost their lands and estates due to the harsh British policies.
So, these were Glimpses of The Past Questions & Answers.